Duchess solitaire rules


Play all cards into the foundation piles.

Foundation Piles

  • The 4 foundation piles are built upward in suit consecutively, with Aces built onto Kings.
  • A pile is complete when it contains 13 cards.
  • The first card played into a foundation pile must have the same rank as the first reserve card played into a foundation.

Reserve Fans

4 reserve fans of 3 cards each are dealt at the start of the game. The top cards are available for play. A reserve card must be played into a foundation as the first move of the game, which establishes the first rank of all foundation piles.

Tableau Columns

  • The 4 tableau columns are built downward in alternating color.
  • Only entire columns are playable within the tableau, partial columns cannot be moved.
  • Only uncovered tableau cards may be built onto foundation piles.
  • Empty tableau spaces may be filled from the reserve, or from the waste pile if the reserve is empty.

Stock Pile

Cards are dealt 1 at a time from the stock pile to the waste pile. 1 redeal.

Waste Pile

The top card of the waste pile is available for play.


Every card played into the foundations will score.

Similar Games

Duchess is one of the fun solitaire games in Solavant solitaire for Mac OS X.